Ignore sources of atomic hydrogen that can promote hydrogen embrittlement at your peril!
Understanding the common sources of hydrogen can help assist in preventing the premature failure caused by the insidious effects of hydrogen embrittlement.
Beware of the effects of hydrogen embrittlement!
The ductility of components particularly those manufactured from high strength material can be severely compromised by hydrogen embrittlement mechanisms causing them to fail with a short period in service.
Changes in toughness associated with the operating temperature or material condition can lead to unexpected performance
Lowering the toughness of a material by changing the material composition/grade or unintentional heat treatment can lower the toughness of the material at the operating condition to promote brittle behaviour - causing unexpected failure
Beware of the insidious efforts of residual stress which can have significant effect on fatigue performance!
In cyclic loading conditions, tensile residual stresses superimpose on the applied cyclic stresses and depending on the magnitude of the residual stress can promote failure at design stress levels.
Benefits of surface finish and shot peening
In cyclic loading conditions failure by fatigue can be prevented / delayed by employing surface finish techniques like shot/laser penning.
Beware of surface damage to electroless nickel plated components
Choose the right coating for the job - flaws in electroless plated nickel coatings can cause failure of the underlying component.
Understanding the relationship between sheave size and rope life
Inappropriate selection of the sheaves can lead to premature failure of wire rope by fatigue mechanisms.
Don't underestimate the complexities of bolting - Reap the benefits of reduced bolt stiffness
Gaskets, dirt, irregular/distorted member contact faces reduce member stiffness and can help promote failure by fatigue mechanisms.
The importance of understanding loading, stresses and strains in structures
Poor understanding of the loading and resulting stresses / deflections in a structure may lead to damage or premature failure.
The importance of surface finish and flaw size on fatigue life. Flaw size counts!!
Uncontrolled surface damage and poor surface finish can play a significant role in a components service life. Make every effort to prevent inadvertent mechanical damage and poor machining finish.
Don't underestimate the complexities of bolting - beware of the dangers of reduced member stiffness!
Gaskets, dirt, irregular/dished member faces reduce member stiffness and can help promote failure by fatigue mechanisms.
Connecting your numerical modelling to the real world
Computer modeling is becoming more popular with improved computer power and cheaper software. However, in order to gain confidence that the model is a true representation of the real world, it is necessary to calibrate the model against real world conditions.